What is the derivation?The derivation of a function at x says what slope the graph of the function has at x, i.e. what slope a tangent line in the point (x|f(x)) has.
Example: The normal parabola has the tangent line in (1|1), i.e. slope . The derivation of the normal parabola at thus equals .
What's the difference between the derivation and the derivation function?The derivation function f'(x) of f(x) is a function giving the slope at x for evey given x. This means: To find out what the slope of f at x is, you just have to enter x into the derivation function .
And how to calculate a derivation?Before finding the differentiation rules, one has to calculate the difference quotient for every point separately. By using differentiation rules, things become simpler: First, you calculate the derivation of power functions. . This is simply . Further rules make it possible to calculate the derivation of an arbitrary polynomial function, cause it is just the sum of products of power functions and numbers. So you need those rules:
- the factor rule:
- and the sum rule: The derivation of equals
- the product rule: The derivation of equals
- the quotient rule: The derivation of equals
- the chain rule: The derivation of equals